Resources

This section contains resources MI stakeholders have identified as being particularly useful to manage a wide range of food/feed risks.

Preparedness and Emergency Response

Michigan stakeholders continue working together to improve early detection and rapid response capabilities.

General References

Planning

Acknowledgement: Emergency Preparedness Coordinators from Kent County, Ottawa County, and St. Clair County Departments of Public Health developed the core document with input and review provided by representatives from MDHHS Office of Public Health Preparedness, MDARD and the MI Food Emergency Capacity Development Pilot Project

  • MDHHS BETP – Bureau of EMS, Trauma and Preparedness  Guidance

Training & Exercising

The training resources identified on this website are intended to assist staff from local, state, and federal agencies cost-effectively prepare robust “all hazards” response capabilities to address a wide range of incidents including foodborne outbreaks, report of adulterated imported foods, food/feed recalls and food emergencies created by natural disasters or loss of infrastructure (example: power loss).

They are intended to be used as part of a comprehensive training program consistent with:

  • Appropriate program standards, and
  • National guidance.

This section identifies food/feed regulatory and multi-disciplinary resources that are available for:

  • Web-based training,
  • Agency-based in-service training,
  • On-the-job training,
  • Formal courses,
  • Workshops, and
  • Exercises. 

Standardized web-based training resources focused on nationally identified competencies currently exist for many aspects of training for newly hired food regulatory staff – See “General Training Websites” below. 

Similarly standardized and nationally recognized “competency-based” resources for more experienced staff are not currently available. Agencies need to regularly reassess their training programs and make changes as needed to ensure staff are competent to perform assigned emergency management tasks.

General Training Websites

  • FDA ORA U
  • The FDA’s ORAU is the primary vehicle through which the FDA Division of Human Resource Development (DHRD) seeks to help meet the training and development needs of the regulatory community at the local, state, and federal levels. It is a combination of face-to-face courses and activities and distance learning that includes web-based training, web conferences, satellite broadcasts, and video conferences. Training is provided free for FDA, state, local & tribal regulators.
  • ORAU presently offers over 100 web based courses. Topics include food and drug law, public health principles, communication skills, food microbiology, foodborne illness investigations, traceback investigations, food safety issues in the event of disasters among others.
  • Instructions for getting started using ORAU and model training curriculum for regulatory officials involved in various types of activities (examples: retail and manufactured foods). 
  • ORA U’s Level 1 web courses are designed to help satisfy the training specified in Standard Number 2, Trained Regulatory Staff from the appropriate regulatory program standards for the “new hire” or “apprentice” level. Typically, most courses can be completed within 60 - 90 minutes.
  • Retail Food
  • Manufactured Food  
  • International Food Protection Training Institute (IFPTI) Learning Management System (LMS) 
  • The IFPTI is improving public health by building competency-based training and certification systems and cultivating leadership for the food protection community worldwide. The LMS provides a convenient means to identify, select, and enroll in courses and to access course records and transcripts. See More HERE.
  • Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA), Emergency Management Institute (EMI) 
    • FEMA provides both web-based and face-to-face courses intended to assist agencies develop all hazards response capacities consistent with the National Response Framework (NRF).
    • Examples of popular web-based ICS courses include ICS 100, 200, 700, and 800
  • Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC),  Integrated Food Safety Centers of Excellence    
    • CDC’s five Centers serve as resources for local, state, and federal public health professionals who respond to foodborne illness and outbreaks.  Included in the Centers’ goals are providing technical help and training in epidemiological, laboratory, and environmental investigations, through development and sharing best practices through six main activity areas. 
  • Other Training websites – Please let us know of additional resources that you have found useful – Contact Us

Foodborne Illness Investigation and Response Training Websites

  • MI-Train: Michigan Food Emergency Response Training (FIRST)  
  • The 2 day Foodborne Illness Response Strategy for Michigan (F.I.R.St) course was developed to identify roles, responsibilities and legal requirements for the agencies involved in foodborne outbreak investigations.  It served as the basis for development of the NEHA EpiReady training workshop. This audio and video-based version of the training promotes teamwork and consistency in surveillance and investigation methods by outlining a general approach for Michigan agencies.
  • CDC e-Learning on Environmental Assessment of Foodborne Illness Outbreaks 
    • This e-Learning course provides training on how to use a systems approach in foodborne illness outbreak environmental assessments. The course can be completed in about 8-10 hours. Participants acquire in-depth skills and knowledge to: 1) Investigate foodborne illness outbreaks as a member of a larger outbreak response team, 2) Identify an outbreak’s environmental causes, and 3) Recommend appropriate control measures.
  • Foodborne Outbreak Investigation Tools from The Oregon Health Authority 
    • The “Interviewing Cardinal Rules” resources includes 30 and 9 minute videos features many members of the Oregon Public Health Division and a downloadable Training Guide. The videos walk participants through the 10 cardinal rules of effective interviewing. The longer videos explains background and is very helpful for understanding outbreak investigation interviewing. The shorter 9-minute version is useful as a quick introduction to volunteer interviewers, for times when it is important to get on the phones as quickly as possible.
  • Other foodborne illness training websites – Please let us know of additional resources that you have found useful – Contact Us

Face-to-Face Foodborne Illness or Food Emergency Investigation Courses

  • FDA Division of Human Resource Development (DHRD)
    • FDA DHRD provides a number of number face-to-face courses that complement ORAU on-line courses. Courses must be requested by FDA or state regulatory agencies and are made available as DHRD resources allow based on FDA training needs and priorities.
    • A listing of courses is available HERE.
    • More detailed information on courses focused on emergency response and investigations including course description, objectives, and prerequisites, is found HERE.   
  • National Environmental Health Association (NEHA) Epi-Ready Workshop – 2 day face-to-face training - National Environmental Health Association (NEHA)  
    • Developed in partnership with the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Epi-Ready is a two-day in-person workshop for environmental and public health professionals with responsibility for investigation of foodborne illness outbreaks. The workshop content is designed to follow Council to Improve Foodborne Outbreak Response (CIFOR) Guidelines. There are two ways to host a workshop, CDC-funded (limited to 3-4 per year throughout the USA) and self-funded. Contact NEHA to determine current availability and costs.
  • Other face-to-face courses – Please let us know of additional resources that you have found useful – Contact Us

Emergency Action Plan for Retail Food Establishments

The Emergency Action Plan (EAP) for Retail Food Establishments is a practical guidance for retail grocery and food service establishments to plan and respond to emergencies that create the potential for an imminent health hazard.  The EAP  was produced by Detroit Department  of Health and Wellness Promotion, Macomb County Health Department, Michigan Department of Agriculture and Rural Development (MDARD), Michigan Restaurant Association, and the Oakland County Health Department.  The EAP for Retail Food Establishments is available in English, Spanish, Chinese, and Arabic.  More information can be found on MDARD's Emergency Management Webiste.

Recovery

  • Emergency Action Plans for Retail Food Establishments 
  • Training for Restoration Planning: How to Develop a Recovery Plan for Food Processors after an intentional Contamination Event

A 80+ page guide available from the FoodSHIELD website is the basis of the restoration training courses that Georgia, North Carolina, and Virginia Rapid Response Teams have collaborated on and delivered in 2015.

Acknowledgement: Funding for development of this guide and training was provided by an FDA Innovative Food Defense grant and the National Center For Food Protection and Defense (NCFPD).

Continuous Process Improvement

Emergency Management Resources

Complete Foodborne Illness Investigation Courses 

CTSE, in partnership with CDC, has created non-proprietary downloadable versions of student and instructor materials that can be used to present all or part of a two day Epi-Ready workshop. Modules with training materials in Word or Powerpoint format are available for the following topics: Foodborne Diseases and Outbreaks, Surveillance and Outbreak Detection, Preliminary Investigation of an Outbreak, Environmental Health Investigation, Epidemiologic Investigation, Laboratory Investigation, Multijurisdictional Outbreaks, Communications among Team Members, and Burden of Foodborne Diseases.  

 

Selected Topics For Local and State Food and Feed Regulatory Officials 

ACKNOWLEDGEMENT: Development and pilot testing of the materials was partially supported by a Food Safety Modernization Act (FSMA) grant from the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA).

Suggested Method of Training Delivery: The materials in this section were designed to be used by experienced staff to provide single or multi-agency one day face-to-face training sessions covering core tasks in the identified topic areas.  

Intended Participants: Field investigation team members from one or multiple agencies with 1-4 years of experience (journeyman level) who may not regularly perform these types of activities.  Disciplines may include agriculture, food, feed, dairy, environmental health specialists, and other regulatory officials.

Click on the resource title to review the course materials online or you may download a Zip file containing a complete bundle of each set of training materials.  We recommend starting your review with the “Read Me First” document.

You may download Zip files of each course, or review the course materials online by clicking on the course title.

  Food Regulator Training - Environmental Assessment and Sampling

These materials provide a basic overview of environmental assessment investigations and related sampling during foodborne illness outbreak investigations.

Zip File

  Food Regulator Training - Traceback and Recall - Full

These materials cover the basic tasks of traceback investigations while also reviewing basic recall procedures.

Zip File

   Foundational Tasks for Foodborne Outbreak Response

These materials focus primarily on basic foodborne illness surveillance and interviewing tasks conducted during multi-disciplinary and multi-agency responses with primary focus on tasks typically conducted by local health department (LHD) staff.

Zip File

Routine Multijurisdictional Foodborne Outbreaks

These materials were designed to provide interactive scenario-based training sessions that prepares staff to work more effectively together during multi-agency foodborne illness outbreak investigations. The primary focus is on tasks typically conducted by local health department (LHD) staff in coordination with state and federal response partners. It does not focus on the Incident Command System (ICS). 

Zip File

Non-routine Multijurisdictional Exercise

These materials were designed to provide an interactive scenario-based training sessions that prepare agency responders to work more effectively together during non-routine multi-jurisdictional foodborne illness outbreak investigations. The primary focus is on tasks typically conducted by local health department (LHD) staff in coordination with state and federal response partners including use of Incident Command System (ICS). 

Zip File

 

Food Regulator Training - Environmental Assessment and Handling

These materials provide a basic overview of environmental assessment investigations and related sampling during foodborne illness outbreak investigations.

Food Regulator Training - Traceback and Recall

These materials cover the basic tasks of traceback investigations while also reviewing basic recall procedures.

Foundational Tasks for Foodborne Outbreak Response

These materials focus primarily on basic foodborne illness surveillance and interviewing tasks conducted during multi-disciplinary and multi-agency responses with primary focus on tasks typically conducted by local health department (LHD) staff.

Routine Multijurisdictional Foodborne Outbreaks

These materials were designed to provide interactive scenario-based training sessions that prepares staff to work more effectively together during multi-agency foodborne illness outbreak investigations. The primary focus is on tasks typically conducted by local health department (LHD) staff in coordination with state and federal response partners. It does not focus on the Incident Command System (ICS). 

Non-Routine Multi-jurisdictional Exercise

These materials were designed to provide an interactive scenario-based training sessions that prepare agency responders to work more effectively together during non-routine multi-jurisdictional foodborne illness outbreak investigations. The primary focus is on tasks typically conducted by local health department (LHD) staff in coordination with state and federal response partners including use of Incident Command System (ICS).